(1) OFFICIALS 1.1 Referees 1.1.1 All racing shall be under the sole charge of the referee whose duty is to ensure that no one indulges in unfair, dangerous or unscrupulous practices. A referee shall enforce the rules and any decisions made in connection with the meeting shall be final. All protests regarding the rulings of the referee in-so-far as the result of a race, match or meeting is concerned shall be deemed out of order and unacceptable. 1.1.2 The authority of a referee begins 30 minutes prior to the official start of a meeting and includes any period when racing has been temporarily suspended and ends when he leaves the immediate curtilage of the track. 1.1.3 The referee has the power to stop a race for any infringement of the rules, caution or exclude any offending rider from a race and ban any rider or team official from a meeting in the case of serious offences. 1.1.4 The referee shall undertake the following match duties: 220.127.116.11 Inspect the rider’s machines 15 minutes prior to the start of a meeting and ensure that they comply with the rules, ordering any adjustments or suspensions as necessary. 18.104.22.168 Having established the starting positions in the case of teams events, controls all racing by taking up a position where offences may best be seen. 22.214.171.124 If a public address system is in use, inform the announcer of the reasons for any action taken so that they may be conveyed to spectators. 126.96.36.199 Ensure that no one enters the centre of the circuit other than the Pits Marshal, the Starter and Flag Marshal who shall have access between races. 188.8.131.52 Determine the order in which riders finish each race and keep a true record of the meeting 184.108.40.206 At the end of the match, check and sign the official score-chart. 1.2 Other Match Officials 1.2.1 The starter is responsible for the fair starting of all races under the order of the Referee in accordance with the stipulated starting procedure. 1.2.2 The Flag Marshal shall count the number of laps completed by all riders and under the direction of the Referee. 1.2.3 A maximum of two Pits Marshals shall be provided. 220.127.116.11 They are responsible for the organisation of the pits and ensuring that the riders are notified of their races. 18.104.22.168 They will notify the referee immediately of any misconduct or breach of the rules in the pits by riders or team managers. 22.214.171.124. They will also ensure that riders do not leave the pits without permission and that only riders and officials enter the pits. 1.2.4. The Announceris responsible for giving spectators such information as they may reasonably require to understand and enjoy a meeting. He shall make any announcement, in connection with the racing, that the referee may direct. 1.3 Team Manager 1.3.1 The Team Manager shall be responsible for his team’s prompt arrival and behaviour during the meeting and shall be responsible for the correct standard of dress of his team, and the provision of team racing colours. He will ensure the machines of his riders conform to the international regulations. He will liaise between his riders and the Referee when required to do so. 1.3.2 Team Managers may only enter the race centre at the request of the Referee. 1.3.3 In any team match two officials from each team, one to be official Team Manager, shall be permitted to enter and remain in the pits throughout the match. (2) RIDERS CLOTHING 2.1 Members of a team shall be uniformly dressed. 2.2 In training and competition, all riders must be covered from the neck down. 2.3 Jerseys will bear on their backs a distinctive number to coincide with programme details. The rider’s name can also be displayed. 2.4 Protective Headgear 2.4.1 Protective headgear shall be worn. 2.4.2 Any rider removing his/her helmet during a race shall be immediately excluded. (3) CYCLES 3.1 A racing machine shall not be fitted with brakes, brake attachments, mudguards of any size, rat-trap or all metal pedals, toe clips or straps, lamp brackets, wing-nuts, any form of gears or any other fittings considered dangerous by the Referee. 3.2 Handlebars shall not exceed 750mm in width measured in a straight line from end to end, each end shall be protected by a soft substance, preferably handlebar grips. 3.3 Wheel spindles shall not protrude more than 18mm outside the forks. Not more than 6 mm of thread shall be exposed beyond the wheelnut with only one wheelnut allowed each side of the spindle on the outside of the fork. 3.4 Chain tensioners will be permitted provided they have no protruding spikes (these must be ground flat) and that the thread does not protrude more than 6mm. Tyres and pedals shall not contain any additional fittings, i.e. studs. 3.5 A spare uncovered sprocket on the rear wheel is permitted. 3.6 Riders must not change machines during a race excepting that these may be changed for a re-start or a re-run. 3.7 All machines to be used at a meeting shall be thoroughly examined by the Referee in the pits before the match and briefly checked by the Referee at the starting area rest line before each race. Any machine considered dangerous by the Referee shall be banned from the track. (4) RACING REGULATIONS 4.1 Number of Laps 4.1.1 All racing shall be in an anti-clockwise direction and shall be over four laps except: 126.96.36.199 In events for young novice competitors 188.8.131.52 If there is only one rider starting in a race he will be awarded four points immediately he arrives with his cycle at his starting position at the gate if appropriatly dressed and ready to start. 184.108.40.206 In a team competition if there are only two riders, both of the same team, one lap only shall be ridden. 4.2 Flag Signals 4.2.1 The yellow flag denotes one lap to go. 4.2.2 The black and white chequered flag denotes the race is completed. 4.2.3 If the chequered flag is shown at the wrong time during a race the Referee shall take the following action: 220.127.116.11 After 5 laps – riders’ positions after 4 laps to count as a result. 18.104.22.168 After 3 laps – race to be re-run with all riders still in the race when the chequered flag was shown to be allowed in the re-run, unless the Referee is satisfied that all riders had realised the mistake and carried on racing. The re-run to take place immediately. 4.3 Method of Scoring Scoring in all races shall be: First – 4 points Second – 3 points Third – 2 points Fourth – 1 point Non Finishers – 0 points Excluded Riders – 0 points 4.4 Presence in Pits 4.4.1 Under no circumstances shall any person be allowed in the Pits other than the competing riders, team and track officials, during the course of the racing. Riders may not leave the pits during racing without gaining permission from the Pits Marshal. 4.5 Run-Offs 4.5.1 Where a run-off proves necessary the starting positions shall be determined as follows: 22.214.171.124 Two riders: by the toss of a coin, the winner choosing any position and his opponent taking the position which leaves one vacant grid between the two riders. 126.96.36.199. Three or four riders: by a draw of four numbered lots. 188.8.131.52 Five or more riders: a series of races shall be run to eliminate the appropriate number of tied riders. 184.108.40.206 In no circumstances shall more than four riders compete in any race. 220.127.116.11 In the event of a re-run of a race all riders must assume their original starting positions of the race. 4.6 Time Limits 4.6.1 When the referee is satisfied that the circuit is clear of obstructions and that no additional time allowance is required he shall, by one sharp blast on a whistle, indicate that all riders have one minute in which to reach the starting area rest line. A second blast will denote the expiry of time and the automatic exclusion of any rider(s) not at the rest line. Reserves are not allowed to replace riders excluded from the race for exceeding the time limit. 4.6.2 A rider in an individual event who has two consecutive races shall be allowed two extra minutes. A rider in a team event who has two consecutive races shall be granted an extra minute. If, for any valid reason, a rider requires an extension of time, his Manager, through the Pits Marshal, may contact the Referee who may grant one extra minute, always providing he has not given the signal for the start of the first minute. 4.6.3 Where the Referee grants an extra minute, he must allow the first minute to elapse before giving the signal for the final minute. 4.6.4 In any cases of extreme machine damage or injury, the Referee may extend the time limit at his discretion. 4.6.5 Any rider or Manager who purposely delays the progress of the meeting without valid reason shall be excluded from taking any further part in the meeting. 4.7 Starting Procedure 4.7.1 Riders shall leave the pits and proceed to the starting area where they shall come to rest with the hubs of their front wheels over the rest line, in line with their respective starting positions. Riders shall not encroach the centre green on the way to the start. Riders may not change positions once at the rest line. Brushes, rags, water or other materials for cleaning tyres shall not be brought to the starting grid. 4.7.2 Under the direction of the Referee the riders shall move forward to within 25mm of the tapes, positioning both wheels between the parallel lines in the stating positions. 4.7.3 When the command “Under Starters Orders” is given the riders shall then look straight ahead and watch the tapes. The starter shall then, with his back to the gates or without a direct view of the riders, release the tapes between 2 and 5 seconds from that command, varying the time from race to race. 4.7.4 When an electrically operated starting gate is being used the starter shall operate the release mechanism, facing away from the competing riders. 4.7.5 A rider shall be disqualified if, after the command “Under Starter’s Orders”, he allows his machine or person to move or deliberately causes a distraction before the tapes rise. 4.7.6 Referees shall use their discretion if there is obvious noise around the starting area or adverse weather conditions. 4.7.7 If two or more riders move before the tapes rise the first to move shall be excluded but if the Referee is unable to determine who did so first shall order the riders to re-approach the rest line and give starting orders again. 4.7.8 If, after this procedure the same position arises the Referee shall disqualify all riders guilty of the infringement. 4.8 Stopping a Race 4.8.1 A race shall be stopped by one blast of the Referee’s whistle. 4.8.2 A race may be stopped by the Referee in the interest of safety or where a fallen rider has caused other riders to fall and inflicted a positive change in positions. Any rider who is the direct or indirect cause of the stoppage shall be excluded. 4.8.3 A race may be stopped by the Referee if two or more riders fall or become entangled during the first half lap. In such an instance, the Referee should re-start the race with all riders, except where a deliberate offence is committed when he may exclude the guilty rider. 4.8.4 A race may be stopped if, in the opinion of the Referee, a breach of the rules has occurred and an advantage is gained either by the rider or his team. In this case he shall disqualify the offending rider or riders from the re-run. 4.8.5 If a race is stopped for any reason after the completion of the first lap, the rider or riders responsible for the stoppage should be excluded or cautioned. 4.8.6 If a race is stopped after three laps have been completed, the Referee may award positions to riders in the order they held them at the time of the stoppage, having excluded any rider where necessary through a breach of the rules. In any case of doubt, the race may be re-run. (5) EXCLUSIONS A rider shall be excluded if, during the course of a race, he is considered by the Referee to be guilty of: 5.1 Crossing the boundaries with both wheels, unless through the actions of another rider, or in the interests of safety he is compelled to do so, in which case he must return to the track at the earliest opportunity. A rider may be excluded if he is deemed to have purposely crossed the inside of the track to gain a rerun or advantage. 5.2 Obstruction. A rider shall be guilty of obstruction if: 5.2.1 He sharply cuts across the path of another rider when he is less than one machine length in front. 5.2.2 He deliberately slows down to affect a change in the position of the riders following. 5.2.3 He places himself or his machine in such a position as to impede other riders. 5.2.4 He drifts an opponent to the extremities of the circuit by steering a course which in the Referee’s opinion, is not commensurate with reasonable competitive requirements. 5.2.5 He team rides with another rider whether in the same team or not in an individual event. Both riders may be excluded. 5.2.6 He uses the tactics of boring, hooking or legging. 5.2.7 He uses undue force during a race, particularly in that part of the race from the start to the first bend. 5.3 Dangerous riding. Any rider considered by the Referee to be guilty of dangerous riding. 5.4 Remounting. A rider may only take up to 3 steps to remount his machine. Only if he is within half a lap of the finish of the race is he permitted to run or walk with his machine, provided he does not obstruct other riders and keeps his machine on the circuit. A rider shall be deemed remounted when he is astride his machine. 5.5 Outside assistance. Any rider receiving outside assistance during a race shall be excluded. 5.6 Disorderly conduct. Any rider guilty of disorderly conduct or dissent shall be excluded from the race. 5.7 Being lapped. A rider shall be deemed lapped if he is in last position and, in the opinion of the Referee, is interfering with the course of other riders. Excluded or lapped riders must immediately withdraw from the track without impeding other riders. Failure to do so in team events may result in no points being awarded to the offending rider’s team in that race. (6) DISQUALIFICATION 6.1 A rider shall be disqualified, and shall take no further part in the competition if he isconsidered by the Referee to be guilty of one of the following offences: 6.2.1 Persistent exclusion: Any rider who incurs two or more exclusions during a meeting for the use of force, obstruction or dangerous riding may be disqualified. 6.2.2 Malicious foul riding: A rider who uses blatant foul tactics inflicting injury to an opponent or damage to his equipment may in extreme circumstances be disqualified from the competition. 6.2.3 Offensive or foul language: A rider or team manager shall be suspended from the competition if he is judged to be guilty of swearing or using offensive language. 6.2.4 Serious disorderly conduct: Any rider or team manager who repeatedly shows dissent after warning or comes onto the track without permission or instigates any physical threats or fighting shall be excluded from the remainder of the meeting. 6.2.5 A rider or official who receives a disqualification shall leave the area of the track and pits immediately and take no further part in the meeting whatsoever. (7) RESERVES 7.1 Reserve riders may not be submitted in the place of a rider who has been disqualified from the meeting by the Referee. 7.2 A reserve rider shall not be substituted in the place of another rider who has been excluded from participating in the re-run of any race. 7.3 A reserve rider can replace another reserve rider providing that regulations 7.1 and 7.2 do not apply. 7.4 If a rider is unable to take part in the re-run of a race, then a reserve rider shall be permitted to deputise in his place, provided that he has not had the maximum number of rides and regulations 7.1 and 7.2 do not apply. 7.6 In an individual match a reserve may take the place of any rider who withdraws from the match. Having taken the place of the rider he cannot take the place of any other rider in the match. All riders (including the reserve/swing rider) can race the same amount of rides as the formula permits any one rider. TO BE DECIDED In the event of a draw in a xx heat formula match the result must be decided by the following method: The first three heats shall be re-run and if the match is still drawn, the races shall be run again and again until a decision is reached. Prior to the first heat the two captains shall toss for starting positions; the positions shall be reversed if it is necessary for the three heats to be run a second time. If a third set of races is required the starting positions will be determined by the toss of a coin, which healthordisease.com will be reversed in the fourth set of three races. In each set of three races teams may use each reserve once only. In the event of a draw in any other formula match, the teams concerned shall each nominate one rider to represent them in a one race run-off. In an international team competition, teams may change their original team line-up, both in terms of riders used and riding order, for subsequent rounds including the final. A maximum interval (of 10 minutes) shall be granted at the halfway point of a match unless the Referee decides otherwise.